We started analyzing the current situation of the water sources located in the Metropolitan Area. Being one of the biggest current issues in the Country, we researched the Patiño aquifer, the Ypacarai Lake’s basin and the other important river’s basins in the area which are in urgent need of intervention.
As a third world country, many of the cities around the capital lack a state controlled sewage system, forcing the citizens of the area to use cesspools, which are one the biggest pollutants of water in the area.
Fortunately, we were able to contact the SEAM (public Environment Department) where we were able to access graphs and investigations which helped us through the masterplan.
Analysing the ecosystems identified in the area of study, we observed different natural existing situations and its relation with cities (such as wetlands, streams, rivers, lakes, natural landscaping amid cities) starting with he semi agricultured zones to the most urbanized areas.
We considered, fifteen squared meters of green area per person (required by the World Health Organization), we propose to seize the existing vegetation in the city and identify those areas which are problematic or inappropriate situations throughout the metropolitan area, in order to create solutions like metropolitan parks, recreation, movement, sports, leisure, etc.
As mentiones earlier, we integrated our two problems : water contamination and lack of public green spaces, proposing green areas as a way to solve the deficit problem consumption / recharge of Patiño aquifer, by locating the recharge zones in the area and permeabilize the surface in order to facilitate the water penetration.
This classification reflects the character that each park will have, considering its potential according to where they are located.
The idea is to enhance the natural resources of each site, creating a green belt that will filter into the city, with the premise of protecting the edges of streams with tree planting, recovery of surface water courses, identifying points Patiño aquifer recharge for proper infiltration, wetlands protection, and other factors.
Urban parks are limited due to their location, semi-urban parks have larger áreas and are proposed combining activitites with a direct relation of the citizens in the área of influence.
Rural parks however, are much larger, serve a more diverse population, and would benefit from agrosostenibles crops as productive and educational activity.
In all cases, there are three basic concepts of planning, habitat (landscape infrastructure), programs (activation of public space) and mobility (sustainable connectivity).