Team 6 / Ivan Bonev
Briefly described, our strategy can be characterized with:
- providing affordable housing for young singles and families;
- providing affordable working spaces for enterprising people;
- decreasing car dependency within suburbia;
- transforming the suburb’s street from a “non-place” to an active space;
- going back from car-scale to human-scale;
- increasing social interaction within the neighbourhood using architectural and spatial methods.
It is expressed in developing temporal modular structures which are suitable for either housing or working spaces. They are intended to be dispersed around the streets of the suburb, after a thorough analysis of suitable placement and orientation regarding the existing nearby dwellings and with the approval of their residents. If needed and requested a structure could be placed within a particular site, emphasizing on the mutual connection, but always related to the public space and functions. Adding new volumes to the streetscape, we transform the existing monotonous rows of houses and create a different environment in terms of spatiality and architecture. A single condition is demanded, for every newly build module a tree should be planted. Foreseeing their temporal character and function, after their removal the newly planted flora will irreversibly change the living habitat and landscape. In my development of the modular structures, I emphasize on natural materials, building cost optimality and assembling and disassembling architecture in order to reduce their long term physical impact.
As well as enriching the living habitat with new volumes of architecture, we change the street texture. By narrowing down the asphalt road to a single car lane and surrounding it with perforated pavement, we allows greenery to flourish, create more picturesque landscape, but still do not exclude car movement on it, when needed.
For the further development of the already established micro strategy I choose a site that is consistent of a inner neighbourhood junction and 7~8 dwellings which define its spatial and architectural characteristics. To continue with my intervention, I need to know the properties of spaces forming the site. Based on three types of functions that could be generalized for the use of modules (housing, production, service), I make three types of analysis. They corespondent to the particularly applied function but at the same time overlap as they are not mutually exclusive.
analysis of privacy of territory
In order to organize the housing modules and create a more diverse environment without provoking conflicts with locals, I need to analyze their feeling of privacy over the streetscape. By “feeling of privacy” I mean their visual access to what is happening outside of their home, their individual approach to their home and the quality of environment they have and needs to be preserved. The latter are defined by street furniture, fencing, greenery, topography of the terrain (whether natural or not), organization of inner spaces in the house, etc. The newly built housing conformed with the existing situation and is placed on specific spot, in order to create unique spaces and to “break up” the environment.
analysis of publicly accessible private spaces
Assuming that in each dwelling there is a person who has a skill or ability which requires a working space, his home can’t provide, I analyze the environment to be able to situate the productive modules. Two criterias are crucial in this analysis – to create connections between the dwelling and the module, and the module and the street, which are equally strong, and at the same time keep the privacy of home. This is sought, in order to stimulate local production by providing it easily accessible and affordable spaces to develop into. At the same time, as a secondary effect, the whole neighbourhood will lively up, when people start looking for local craftsmen at their home areas.
analysis of potential public spaces
The last function which a module or a system of modules can host is public services. The analysis is based on the potential or already developed publicity of space can be used for situating the public module. This is, again, sought in order to bring new blood to the neighbourhood and make it more attractive for newcomers.
To sum up and represent an exemplary outcome of the proposed strategy, I develop a possible scenario in which one can see the new formed habitat and its advantages and disadvantages.
To be able to compare the existing and the transformed situation I provide an equally detailed horizontal section of the foreseen changes in habitat.
However, when I base a micro urban strategy on a modular structure with certain properties, those properties need to be thoroughly studied.
The developed module systems highly depends on easily assembling and mounting, and when needed disassembling and dismounting. Therefore it is reusable and have a minimum impact on the local environment. Another advantage is that the main structure doesn’t need any fixations but is based on joints between the structural elements. Wood, plywood and insulation are the main structural materials, which means that the module is almost 100% recyclable.
In a few steps I’ll present structural elements and logic.
There are 6 main structural elements – three by three mirrored copies of each other – and 4 secondary ones.
The structural system allows module combination in both direction – horizontal and vertical.
This flexibility allows me to create unlimited combinations which vary in terms of space organization, built area and height. The modular system can provide a suitable structure for every situation.