María José Díaz y Catalina Moraga
In Chile, there are many private and governmental initiatives that try to give a solution to the problems of the homeless people. Almost all of them are focus in assistance, but in the last years many organizations have turned their focus into social rehabilitation. For this process to be effective, the main problem to be attacked should be that all the institutions that works with these issues work separately. Rehabilitation, employment, and the psychological support for the effective reintegration to society are separate programs that operate in different institutions and in different places, which are, in many times, far away one from another.
All of this ends affecting the participants of the program, and also without bring actual continuity and correct monitoring to the process of reintegration; this is why the effectiveness of the programs is very low. On the other hand, the problem is on the homeless people itself, specificly in how they use their free time. In most of the cases the huge amount of this “leisure time” only helps to get their addictions problems to get into a even worst situation, instead of using it in a positive and productive way.
The idea is to improve the effectiveness of the reinsertion program with the creation of a building that integrates its main functions: Day center and Reinsertion (Employment, Social Reintegration, and rehabilitation) with the possibility of participate in temporally housing program. The programs are meant to work in a three-floor building, which symbolically represent the process from assent forward to reinsertion. To accomplish the last thing, the access, the space between the street and the interior, and the flexibility of the spaces to allow different uses is crucial.