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PP1 COMMUNITY BUILDINGS
PP2 SOCIAL HOUSING
PP3 URBAN GROWTH AND SPRAWL
Academic Area: Projects / Cycle: Fourth
Semester: 2012-2 / Credits: 8/ Requirements: Workshop 3 Descriptive Geometry
Condition: Required / N. of hours: 8 Weekly
Teachers: Manuel Flores C. / Fredy Miranda N. / Arturo Morales R.
1. About the design studio
2. Issues and education
3. Detailed Schedule
4. Definitions of basic terms
1. About the design studio
The design studio aims to generate in students a place reading as form and how social fact. It involves harnessing the energy generated by human settlements in their systems occupation of space and complexity of their interaction at different levels of understanding. So it seeks to intervene transforming the place where conflicts have been generated by a bad relationship between population and environment.
Connection with reality
The approach to reality is a complex and particular. The workshop proposed that the student through an exercise approach builds the reality from a committed, from the detection of urban characters and through a process of tracking routes, habits, occupation, etc.. The student must take a reading of the place and its society and nodes detecting flows, higher flows will be understood from the individual dynamics and the generation of human and collective behavior nodes.
The residual spaces in informal occupation of space are taken by the population as a whole to develop there as a group all that human need. It is in this scenario flows and exchanges of urban space where we try not projected that students investigate the dynamics generated, analyze them and can use them later as inputs for their project.
Informal employment systems generally territorial conflict with the common heritage of society as a whole. It’s hard for a settlement settler understand why must respect the heritage, as their need for public space or services, occupy, cause pollution and a poor relationship between population and territory. This scenario is so common in our city, is ideal for the student to have a society committed to reading and understanding the role of architecture and the architect is active and purposeful. Students must propose a building that simultaneously improve the quality of life of the population and protect the heritage that represents environment.
Exercise approximation to reality
Students should from the characters detected build individual stories and group presented as cartoons, in them MUST show their level of understanding of urban processes and ways of life of the population. This process will allow them to take the distance between its initial vision and subsequent understanding well the student understands that reality is a complex construction of multiple looks.
Identify Conflict nodes in massive use of space, in traffic and transportation systems, commercial areas or social exchange and Nearby settlements heritage monumental or natural.
from a point of view identified with the social problems that are already understood, students in the workshop discusses the relevance of an architectural program that generates uses aimed at improving the relationship between society and the environment, the question of the workshop is:
What architecture can do to take advantage of a situation of conflict and create a favorable situation for public use and service that simultaneously protect the environment and reassess?
Urban service system for a conflict
Close negative relationship between realities. In the same line item 1, but using larger scales, this issue aims to transform the place of conflict with the tools of the site and the program
Generate a project to help reverse a bad relationship between population and environment.
2. Issues and education
Spaces of success / exclusion spaces
Comparative Exercise detection activated areas in the city and dead spaces guess is usage patterns that generate success in the city they know.
Understand the place
Approaching the site from the emotional, student engagement with society and their needs is the main power that will allow you advance your project research.
Patterns of success and conflict in the place
The student must find out what are the ways to use the space in the workplace, both spontaneous and original that generate a better quality of life, like that conflict.
Project and program to transform
Imagining and propose an architectural intervention that transforms the place and build a better quality of life in the community.
External strategy / site / public space / external filters
How the intervention must react to environmental forces to transform relations conflicting.
Internal Strategy / uses inter-enabled / inner filters
Organize the program from within the project, to get the internal dynamics that need the proposal.
Comprehensive strategy / blueprint
From external and internal strategies, reach and generate one that integrates fluidity and variety of filters that the proposal needs.
The public and private
The complexity of human relationships and filtration systems in space, so that the
intervention can be effective, public and private systems must be separated and integrated at once.
Filters and control points
The complexity of the use of the project, whether it should be permeable and pubic hair, but filterable and private at the same time as going to control access and monitoring, if you have only two control points.
Patterns of use and development of uses
The skill and knowledge of the technical requirements to develop the different uses that the project needs is an essential capability to be developed and applied.
Space systems / flows / visual / filters / connections
The quality of spatial fluency according to the needs of transit into the building from outside and inside.
Structural Systems / relationship structure – space
The criterion for determining what type of structural system that intervention is needed.
Environmental Systems / light / ventilation / sunlight /
The use of light and the systems that make a project livable
Material systems / transparency / opacity / enclosures
Materiality Clear concepts appropriate to the type of intervention that is being proposed and in accordance with the systems of public and private filters.
Comprehensive project support
The student must show eventually the ability to carry out an idea of a transformation from initial studies to final plans. You must be able to support the proposed solvency throughout its conception.
4. Definitions of basic terms
It is a collective mental state that occurs in a non-private use and in which everyone can act freely and with equal rights.
“Emergence is what happens when a system of relatively simple elements is organized spontaneously and without explicit laws, to give rise to intelligent behavior.” (Emerging Systems. Or do they have in common ants, neurons, cities and software. Steven Johnson, 2001)
Any action or component to improve the quality of life of a population above any consideration.
Marginal urban settlement
Community self-recognizable and defined by a moment of emergence in place with social similarities and use of space is settled in the outskirts of a city old matrix and generally do not have adequate services and attention to their basic needs or secondary.
Joint space uses, coordinated in such a way that leads to a specific urban behavior, leading to the enhancement of a positive situation or transforming a negative.
Plan of action to intervene a place with a building, which through a strategy intended uses and relationships significantly transform the reality that occurs at that time.
Successful urban space
Place of public use is intensive and provided in such a way that generates energies of living and quality of life of a population.
Informal employment systems generally territorial conflict with the common heritage of society as a whole. It’s hard for a settlement settler understand why must respect the heritage, as their need for public space or services, occupy, cause pollution and a poor relationship between population and territory. This scenario is so common in our city, is ideal for the student to have a society committed to reading and understanding the role of architecture and the architect is active and purposeful.
A transformation is proposed which simultaneously improves the quality of life of the population and protect the heritage that represents environment.
The residual spaces in informal occupation of space are taken by the population as a whole to develop there as a group all that human need. It is in this scenario flows and exchanges of urban space where we try not projected that students involved understanding the dynamics generated, the analyzes and proposes an architecture that enhances and take this energy.
“Situation in which two or more interdependent individuals or groups seeking to meet interest or perceived incompatible goals” (PCM, 2007)
“Expressed struggle between two or more people who depend on each other and who, in seeking to satisfy their interests or needs, scarce resources are or appear to be, and that conflicting goals or hinder each other” ( OAS PROPAZ).
“Social conflict is a situation-presented as a dynamic process, which occurs when two or more actors or parties perceive each other as an obstacle to the satisfaction of their interests and needs. Because each part performs actions that seek to destroy, defeat, neutralize or control the other “. (Roundtable for Poverty Reduction).
Uses set corresponding to a strategy and shaping a building
Exclusive spaces – Spaces of exclusion
Tutor: Martine De Maeseneer www.mdma.be
Theoretical component teacher: Dirk Jaspaert
Students: Carmen Briers – Manu Vander Avort – Sellekaerts Pieter
A century ago, Brussels boomed in the era of the industrial age. So it attracted more and more inhabitants and immigrants who came and established themselves in their search for work. One of these major landmarks of that important time was the Belle-Vue factory, famous for its beer, geuze Belle-Vue, and previously known as the ‘De Coster Factory’. Placed aside the canal, on a very important vertex of the pentagon in means of traffic and in that time trading routes, this factory was one of the faces of Brussels.
Under this brewing activity, the form and look of the factory had undergone major transformations. Over time, when this beer making was placed to a different site, the building lost his use and vigor. Notwithstanding, this monument was left untouched but nevertheless kept his status as face of Molenbeek, situated at the backside of the site. This well placed remnant of the industrial age however can and must play a major role in the revitalization of Molenbeek and Brussels. The need for good architectural design and urban integration is essential !
As one of the last vestiges of the industrial history of this area, its visual characteristics are of the biggest importance for the collective memory of the site. The imposing brick mastodon shapes define the quai of the canal, exactly where it is adjoining the city center. The landmark status of the factory must be respected. By taking into account the collective memory of the place in our new design, the goal is to create a new appreciation for the old building complex.
“Urban porosity is a key intention for large hybrid buildings with the aim of pedestrian oriented urban places” (Steven Holl). Designing a public building as an island can’t function as a part in the urban fabric. This is why the masterplan for the area makes use of the soon to be executed Ninoofse Poort park plan by BUUR, but some essential changes are made to create a co-existence between the Ninoofse Poort and Belle-Vue, physical as well as programmatic. More globally seen, a link between Molenbeek and Brussels. If attacking both designs separately, disfunctioning of both would be unavoidable.
Designing Belle-Vue begins with 2 supporting elements: The collective memory and a mixture of program.
The existing memory, the covered courtyard feeling, the brick massiveness of the building and the tetris block-like building shape of the brewery building, is handled by a concept “InsideOut/OutsideIn”. A new spatial experience is created by 3 main interventions. The first is maintaining the enclosed character and identity by keeping the front façade, keeping entrance locations and renewal of the strongest volumes. Second, the middle outside space is turned into a central covered courtyard which links all non-residential programmatic functions. Inside and outside space are at the same time socially controlled. Third is preserving existing facades but vary with its use. By opening up existing and new structures, identity is saved but a different use for them is created.
Programmatically, the site as a catalysator for the neighbourhood requires a healthy mix of users, activity day and night. The public program is enforced with a residential one. City flight in certain layers of the community towards the countryside forms a problem for maintaining a correct mix of city inhabitants. Here the residential can present a possible solution by ameliorating the aspects on which these flight is based. Levels are designed as one big plan, consisting of units and shared space. Passive activities are placed in the units, where the active take place in the shared zone. People live equally separate and communal. Relation between all layers of inhabitants is initiated.
The beer museum attracts yet again different users, where this museum is designed as a walkway that regulates all internal organization. The museum visitors will, on their walk, not only behold the essential elements of the brewing process, also they visually encounter the users of other functions. The experience becomes one of “see and be seen”.
The Pentagon has been alienated from its identity, it’s hard to feel oneself at home in the metropolis’ beating heart.
But can an architect restore – let alone create – a home? If we look up the origins of this rather vague term, one can perceive a fundamental differ- ence between the mental and the material aspect of living man has made throughout history. The Greeks spoke about hestia, the religious midpoint of a dwelling, and oikos, the house as a structure. In German one translates the former as heimat, which doesn’t only mean home, but also the relation- ship of man towards a certain space. Henceforth an architect couldn’t be able to build a home, since it doesn’t concern something material.
Or can he? We divided the manifestation of the concept of home into three aspects: memory, that what one remembers as well as what one has been taught, identity, how one is or appears to be as an individual, and ter- ritory, the space one relates oneself to. Maybe we can’t influence home per se, but we can manipulate these manifestations.
The first brings us to the historical context of the site: rather than a revival of functions, we restored some iconic images, through the use of certain seemingly classical typologies like a courtyard, a gallery and a grand café. The second aspect concerns local (building) traditions: instead of thwarting an old habit, we reinterpreted the typical non-urban typology of housing.
For territory we formulated a solution against the privatisation and seg- regation in society.
These 3 aspects of home mainly focus on personal individual qualities but a fourth important component of being home is feeling part of a so- cial network. In our individualistic society this is a quality one has to re- establish and emphasise without losing the luxury of personal space. We introduced the concept of ‘hoodhouses’ as a communal space for a number of families to help them to create their own neighbourhood. By using this tool we give attention to a good gradual transition between public and private space.
_ the proposal seeks to give a new identity in order to differentiate itself from the existing environment.
_ possible to intervene in the area because of the many unexploited urban spaces.
_ the model we propose is a kind of cohabitation composed of private homes supplemented by shared facilities.
_ a key feature of this model is its flexibility according to the visual flee in all directions, forming a wedge shapes.
_ the shared green space is another key feature. The logic of green roofs, sometimes accessible and sometimes not, in their development as they run across the whole building, recommends stops, gatherings and actions , working binding.
_ formation of private and public spaces that serve the needs of modern living.
_ orientation of living rooms, yards and balconies in relation to the sun and the sights.
_ in the middle is organized a central public core, in direct interaction with the existing buildings, which is accessible on the ground floor through the lateral galleries.
_ the character of the central core has mixed use (αccommodation, entertainment, shopping, employment and recreational activities) are all available in the immediate vicinity and preferably within walking distance.
_ the housing building consists of apartments and houses for habitation, where different types of families will live in these units. The forms of cohabitation should not be limited to the existing family model.
_ residents also share activities which may include gardening, child care centers, offices, access to internet, recreational and educational opportunities.
_ its ideal for people who have an apartment, but do not want to feel isolated within it.
_ the design encourages both social contact and personal space. Private homes contain all the features of conventional homes, but residents also have access to extensive common facilities.
_ the beauty of the co – housing model is that every resident has the freedom to choose how much or how less they wish to participate in this lifestyle.
“Whenever elements of the built environment are sharply divided (physically, visually or mentally), complex relationships among spaces, activities and people on the scale of the community cannot occur”
Continuing our exploration from the last stage, we have started mapping the following parameters : accessibility and inhabitants, (more precisely, the emergent patterns in the configuration of space, e.g., building buffers between public and private space) confronting conventional spaces, uses and materiality.
Interesting, is the need for residents in the Community to “mark their own territory”. Moreover, they suggest that physical territorial boundaries are there not only to avoid any physical and visual contact, but also to maintain ‘distance’ from the space abutting their neighbours’. As a result, defensive space is formed, privacy levels get higher, and social relationships (if any) are weak is at all.
From these readings of the above-mentioned patterns, emerged several micro-strategies we believe deserved to be tested.
This strategy challenges the existing relationship between indoor and outdoor spaces. As a matter of fact, people in Wenduine experience a strong delineation between those two postures, especially during winter. The strategy proposes to advance the very walls of the house further in the garden in order to expand the actual space used. The explosion of this strong and readable shell of the house in several places (of visual and physical boundaries) allows new practices and reduces wasteful consumption of space.
This strategy proposes to take the physical notion of the boundary to the extreme by expanding the thickness of the boundary itself. The aesthetic character of plantation is hijacked as a defense system to fill the entire plot. A niche is carved into this floral fortress, preserving a small pocket in which the house take refuge.
This strategy involves reconfiguring existing boundaries around and between individual lots. This notion is birthed from the idea that boundaries (physical and otherwise) are perceived differently and have different effects on those who engage with them. For example, a thick hedge might be perceived differently from a series of flower bushes. Also, rearranging the typographical layout of these different boundaries and testing the results, was an objective of this strategy. With this, we are seeking explore the notion of claims and ownerships of space; how people occupy and claim ownership of (physically) unoccupied space. The overlaps that result in multiple peoples implicitly and explicitly claiming ownership of spaces (private through public) is of particular interest and informs the micro urban strategies later developed. Zones/areas of inclusion and exclusion can be established, reinforced, diminished and even made to meld through manipulation of said ‘boundaries’; this is the core of these studies/tests.
The test challenges the notion of the external-barriers. This micro-strategy suggests a community free of barriers. The public-private diagram shows the radical changes between the high public and the high private. The complex notion of “entering” is eliminated and substituted by a simpler one which actually brings questions about the privacy levels of the home itself to the fore. The aim is to test the privacy levels of the house itself. Our exploration assumes that the more complex the territorial depths inside the house the more defensible it becomes the more the balance between the public and the private privacy levels. Can people feel more secure inside their own homes, instead of relying on their semi-private and semi-public space to protect them?
This strategy deals with the life of the street, and the life of the private space of peoples’ properties. We observed that in our chosen area there often the phenomenon of “defensive space” around peoples properties, and facing the street. We also wanted to address the fact that one feels uncomfortable walking on this semi-private area (“other peoples”-street) if one does not have business there. Here, we have tested a strategy of merging the often broad defensive space into one “compressed” single barrier. By applying this strategy the life on the street and the life of the private space become two distinct worlds; with no visual or physical interaction.
These strategies were submitted to locals’ opinion during our last trip in Wenduine. Although some of them were perfectly understood and accepted, we realised that we emphasized the concept of privacy vs exposure at the expense of the notion of security which should also be part of the equation. We defined four concepts to focus on in order to develop our architectural proposal : privacy, exposure, solitude and security.