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PP1 COMMUNITY BUILDINGS
PP2 SOCIAL HOUSING
PP3 URBAN GROWTH AND SPRAWL
María José Díaz y Catalina Moraga
In Chile, there are many private and governmental initiatives that try to give a solution to the problems of the homeless people. Almost all of them are focus in assistance, but in the last years many organizations have turned their focus into social rehabilitation. For this process to be effective, the main problem to be attacked should be that all the institutions that works with these issues work separately. Rehabilitation, employment, and the psychological support for the effective reintegration to society are separate programs that operate in different institutions and in different places, which are, in many times, far away one from another.
All of this ends affecting the participants of the program, and also without bring actual continuity and correct monitoring to the process of reintegration; this is why the effectiveness of the programs is very low. On the other hand, the problem is on the homeless people itself, specificly in how they use their free time. In most of the cases the huge amount of this “leisure time” only helps to get their addictions problems to get into a even worst situation, instead of using it in a positive and productive way.
The idea is to improve the effectiveness of the reinsertion program with the creation of a building that integrates its main functions: Day center and Reinsertion (Employment, Social Reintegration, and rehabilitation) with the possibility of participate in temporally housing program. The programs are meant to work in a three-floor building, which symbolically represent the process from assent forward to reinsertion. To accomplish the last thing, the access, the space between the street and the interior, and the flexibility of the spaces to allow different uses is crucial.
Fernanda Errazuriz y Camila Polette
Rural Net is a project that deals with the street situation in half rural context throughout Chile. The initiative comes as a response to the fact that there is no awareness of the particularities and differences of this, with respect to the urban context; therefore no specific measures have been taken to deal with it. Lack of centrality and public services are the main obstacles to deal with this situation. The project solves these problems through an interconnected system that improves the quality of life of homeless people and the entire community. The system consist of an immobile and a mobile part, acting interconnected: Headquarter associated with public institution, Mobile Operation Centers that go through the different Street Stops and provide services, Street Stops with public bathrooms that also act as bus stop and public access to water sources.
María Luisa Arze- Teresita Giensen- Trinidad Hernández
The project focuses on the Winter Plan users, who do not have access to shelters and can be applied in emergency cases.
The proposal provides, through the institution “street”, a plan to transform sporting facilities into shelters: specifying the space divisions, the corresponding area to each part of the program and the minimum enclosures that the shelter requires. From this changes we seek, both, increase the number of refugees, and improve service quality, facilitate control and increase safety.
The recent implementation of shelters in Santiago and lack of time for a modus operandi planning when they started, forced their implementers to respond immediately, discovering numerous flaws in the system. The proposed project, aims to improve the functioning of the emergency areas, solving the distribution problems and people separation, lack of sanitation, using the places capabilities to the fullest.
The proposal will be seen in the production of a guide catalog, containing among others, information on the type of enclosures that can be used as a shelter, suggestions for spacce division, techniques for promoting lighting and ventilation, entrance control (emergency exits, disability services), economic construction system, etc.