“Peripheria” –   the emerging cluster

·     Area of study: Emerging Urban Nodes

·     Beginning and ending date: October 2012  to February 2013

·     Number of students: 15 – 20

·     Schedule: mon – wed – fri / 18:00 to 21:00

·     Credits: 9

·     Teaching team: Filiberto Viteri-Chávez M.Arch. Ricardo Pozo. M.Sc.

Clusters

Brazil– Ecuador – United Kingdom

Theme


Guayaquil settlers started to colonize both sides of vehicular arteries as long as they were growing outside the city borders since the late 70s. Roads that were originally projected to connect different parts of the city with each other (Vía Perimetral) or the city core to other urban areas, ended up as guidelines for growing patterns.  Guayaquil, in particular, has shown 3 different growth tracks towards suburbia in the recent years: the route to Daule, the route to the coast, and the route to Samborondon/Duran through the “Unidad Nacional” Bridge. Clearly, this sprawl pattern was not oriented towards densification; instead, it created gaps that were once considered peripheral, but due to the increasing area occupied by the urban fabric, those gaps now appear as emerging clusters, located in the middle of transportation axis and urban dynamics.


They have become strategic zones of development within the city, with a potential high impact on the entire metropolitan area development. They contain a wide range of zone types and conflicts, including old extractive land fields, the conjunction of the rivers Daule and Babahoyo, mangrove and other endemic natural reservations, main traffic lines, residential districts, drastic differences between social classes and underutilized natural resources that are, at some points, in danger of severe devastation.

In each cluster relies an opportunity to promote local development by improving the life quality of inhabitants and their relationship with nature, infrastructure, urban sustainability and efficiency, in terms of energy, networking and facilities. The PPP Studio working on Peripheria attempts to be a model for analyzing and proposing solutions for the problem explained. Through the study of conditionings, strengths and drawbacks, all enrolled students are encouraged to discern the present and future needs of a specific site and propose 1) a conceptual master plan; 2) a design parti based on those conditionings and conflicts and 3) a detailed architectural project.

A partir de los años 70, la ciudad de Guayaquil ha seguido un patrón de crecimiento disperso, en muchas ocasiones, a lo largo de nuevas avenidas y carreteras que, en su crecimiento, se proyectaron fuera de los límites urbanos. Estas rutas que conectaban áreas de la ciudad, o a la urbe con otros poblados se convirtieron en guías para el crecimiento. Los 3 polos más importantes que llevaron a la ciudad a crecer fuera de sus antiguos limites han sido la Vía a Daule, la vía a la Costa y la Vía a Duran – Samborondón a través del puente de la Unidad Nacional. Sin embargo, en este proceso de crecimiento diseminado, se fueron dejando espacios que, a la postre, han dejado de ser periféricos, para posicionarse geográficamente en la congruencia de varios ejes viales y funcionales de la trama urbana.

Estas zonas requieren  ser intervenidas puesto que han empezado a reclamar su lugar de nodos en la trama y dinámica de la ciudad, al punto en que su desarrollo puede influir a nivel metropolitano. Algunos de estos sitios poseen condicionantes diversas que, en el caso de Guayaquil, combinan antiguos terrenos de extracción, zonas de reserva de manglar y naturaleza endémica,  ejes viales e inter-zonales, zonas de crecimiento residencial, limitaciones drásticas entre clases sociales y usos de suelo y presencia de recursos no aprovechados o en peligro de degradación y pérdida.

Cada una de estas zonas demanda una oportunidad para mejorar las condiciones de vida de los habitantes de la urbe, en relación a parámetros de infraestructura; sostenibilidad urbana; eficiencia energética, de redes y equipamiento; desarrollo local y barrial; entre otros.  El Proyecto de Intervención de la otrora Periferia, plantea convertirse en un modelo de estudio e intervención en este tipo de lugares. Mediante el análisis de condicionantes,  potencialidades y desventajas,  los estudiantes tratarán de descubrir las necesidades específicas del sector, y su proyección a futuro, para plantear 1)un borrador de proyecto a nivel urbano; 2) un partido arquitectónico basado en la abstracción de una o varias de las mencionadas condicionantes; y 3)un proyecto arquitectónico definitivo.


Objectives of the local design studio

Main Objective

Generate an urban/architectural project that sets the guidelines for the evaluation and planning of low dense urban gaps previously located in peripheral areas of Guayaquil, and enhance their potential as clusters for strategic development.


Objetivo Principal

Crear un proyecto modelo urbano-arquitectónico para la evaluación y planificación de áreas de ocupación dispersa de la otrora periferia de la ciudad de Guayaquil, y que potencialice el desarrollo de dichas zonas como nodos estratégicos de crecimiento urbano.

Secondary Objectives

·   Evaluate a low dense area and its historical growth pattern in order to identify underutilized resources and potentials.

·   Densify  urban gaps to improve energy and infrastructure efficiency at urban level

·   Develop urban gaps in terms of creating supplementary activities or uses to nearby areas

·   Enhance strategic location to promote urban and architectural proposals for city development.

·   Foster urban and architectural planning for urban fabric gaps, especially those  containing mixed land use and having social problems or nature vs. built environment conflicts

Objetivos Secundarios

·   Evaluar el patrón de crecimiento de la zona e identificar las áreas desaprovechadas de acuerdo a los recursos que ofrecen.

·   Densificar el área identificada como subutilizada.

·   Desarrollar la zona establecida como brecha entre asentamientos mediante la inclusión de funciones suplementarias a las funciones aledañas.

·   Aprovechar la posición estratégica de la zona para generar propuestas de desarrollo a futuro.


ADU aims to be tested


Regarding the ADU-2020 ALFA III goals:

·    Identify successful methodologies form the PPP at Ecuador and other ALFA partners in order to replicate them for other Design Studios at FAD-UCSG.

·    Generate Design proposals that could be donated to local Governments, NGOs or local communities in order to help people to build their environment


Regarding Work Teams activities.

·    The studio will try to identify ne professional areas of study, as the result of the combination between urban planning and architecture students with other related professions from UCSG. As a consequence, the proposals will be elaborated from interdisciplinary approaches due to the advice of other Professors from other schools.

·    The exercise aims also to foster responsible and critical thinking during the design development stage. Students must analyze and critique issues and decisions made by local governments and the very same community, in order to enhance creative approaches and produce outcomes different from the historically established solutions.

·    Also, the project scope will allow students to identify solutions that act at different scales such as 1) local, urban, and regional; 2) nature, built environment and the interstitial space. The studio will also test the student’s ability to tackle several social and geographical topics, how they understand them, and how they have them fully integrated into the parti.

Methodology and relation with partners

Besides regular methodology, the Studio will use mechanisms taken from our various Research Studies, previously held about other local communities. For example, due to the fact that our site includes a mangrove reservations and extraction zones, the Studio will utilize a technique developed in England, several months ago:

Walkabouts is a word that comes from the contraction between “WALK” and “TALK ABOUT”. This technique is particularly effective when the students are exploring suburban areas, because they will experience the sense of place, by walking through the streets around the site next to people who live or work there, previously selected as key actors by snowball effect. At the same time, students will get in touch, learn and then practice what they saw, or what they were told by other walkers (actors).

Sailabouts. As explained in the previous technique, this is set along the Estero Salado. By following the estuary line from a boat, the students will gain a different perspective of the problem and the opportunities water, as a resource, brings into account.

In terms of relationship with partners, the PPP will include a small percentage of international students form different universities, not necessarily part of the ALFA program.

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